Zejneli, Shinasi and Zejneli, Berat (2023) WALL CONSTRUCTIONS ACCORDING TO EUROCOD 6 - MASONRY SYSTEMS. JAS - SUT Journal of Applied Sciences-SUT, 9 (17-18). pp. 202-215. ISSN 2671-3047

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JAS SUT 2023 Final 31.10.2023-202-215.pdf

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Purpose: Wall constructions represent the type of the oldest building materials that are used in construction today. The first bricks were made of unbaked mud or clay, later baked ones, and were used in the process of building buildings in the form of walls, this material has been used a lot, especially in the past, and they have found wide application in different social environments for the reason that the process of production and use has been quite simple without the need for any special technology. In the country, considering the fact that the new standards, in addition to the old JUS standards, there are temporary-regular principles for these types of building material, but following the steps of the countries of the European Union, which in its member countries use norms for walled constructions and that these problems are handled by EURCOD 6. The need to follow the contemporary trend of construction forces us to follow these norms and, in the future, to be able to design, and calculate structures from this type of material which is used all over us and the world. Methods: In this paper, the methods and principle of calculation of masonry structures according to European Norms (EUROCOD 6) are presented, treating and calculating two types of bricks with brands M10 and M15 and two types of mortar as binders with brands M5 and M10. And the condition and calculation methods are given. Design: Part of the wall of a residential building with masonry is presented and two examples are given where the principle of calculation according to Euronorms-EURCOD 6 is shown. Results: From the comparison of the two variants, from the given static influences with stress control in a masonry wall. The obtained results, for comparative data where we have: - Wall thickness: 25cm and 38cm - Mortar brand: MM5 and MM10 - Brand of wall element: MO10 and MO15 Results were given for: - Control of pressure (compression); Control of cracks; Sync Control: Conclusions: During the calculations and comparisons of the results, we concluded that the thickness of the wall for which the calculation was determined does not meet the condition of cracks in the wall, which means that we have to increase the thickness of the bricks or increase the brand of mortar, however, the difference will be very similar to the previous comparative values, therefore, it is necessary to adopt a material that accepts these forces in the crack or to think about a more meritorious solution for the construction where other types of bricks will have to be used, the reduction of loads, reducing the distances between the walls of the building, etc.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Masonry, wall, brick, mortar, norms.
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Engineering Sciences
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email zshi@unite.edu.mk
Date Deposited: 03 Nov 2023 15:38
Last Modified: 03 Nov 2023 15:38
URI: http://eprints.unite.edu.mk/id/eprint/1491

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