Xhaferi, Besa (2018) MIGRATION TRENDS AND PATTERNS IN MACEDONIA. Economic Vision, International Scientific Journal in Economics, Finance, Business, Marketing, Management and Tourism, 5 (9-10). pp. 13-19. ISSN 2545-4544

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The scope and analysis of both migration and remittances is given an extensive attention from researchers and policymakers because of the increasing trends and their impact in the economy. Emigration from developing countries to West European countries is high and raising. The benefits of migration are allowing more finance to the families directly but there also costs for the families that may be of psychological aspect and may lead to moral hazard. Low skilled migration may alleviate poverty and improve labor market condition for the workers who stay and make pressure for the workers. International migration impacts the labor market by reducing labor supply a factor that is not renewable. The scope of this paper is the migrant trends and patterns in the case of Macedonia: a middle income country, a Candidate Country for European Union, multinational structure country, with high unemployment rate, and in recent years commonly discussed for political instability. The focus of the paper is analyzing migration data from State Statistical Office for the time period 2007-2016 as well as underlying possible consequences in the labor market. Accordingly, on 2005 and 2006 we have the first sharp increase in number of international migration from Macedonia and then on 2011 and 2012 we have the highest number of migration and the smallest number on 2003 respectively 2007. The trends of the emigrants reveal that there has been a change of the pattern of migrants from unskilled to skilled, the number of women has become more significant, the destinations have diversified while the main reasons for migration remain work, study or family union. Concluding policy makers are challenged to prevent brain drain with programs that regulate the labor market, possibly offering variable source of remuneration to qualified, productive and efficient employees in accordance with development strategies and labor market demand. Additionally, policies should be addressed toward optimization of benefits of international migration and possibly minimization of negative consequences.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
Divisions: Faculty of Law, Arts and Social Sciences > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email zshi@unite.edu.mk
Date Deposited: 05 Jun 2019 08:20
Last Modified: 05 Jun 2019 08:20
URI: http://eprints.unite.edu.mk/id/eprint/25

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