Halili - Skenderi, Semra (2021) THE BOOKLET OF SAMI FRASHËRI ON TEACHING THE OTTOMAN ALPHABET – WRITING –READING. International Journal of Social and Human Sciences, 8 (15-16). pp. 107-112. ISSN 2671-3020

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“Kyçyk Elif-Ba” – “The little Elif-ba” written by Sami Frashëri is a booklet to help teach the reading process and mastering the Ottoman alphabet, for the madrasas of that time. It was published in Istanbul on April 10, 1937, and was applied the same year, divided into 49 lessons. The book in question has no simplification, transcription or translation into Turkish, which means: it is neither written in Latin nor elaborated, so far, in any of the languages written by the author himself. Those significant elements that we notice in this booklet are Sami's method of teaching the alphabet and Ottoman literature; the reason for using that particular method; as well as the changes he has followed in his method compared to other Ottoman language lessons. The key method used by Sami Frashëri in this booklet is the simplest possible: a method that makes students memorize the alphabet very easily. He used the method of teaching through words, dividing the letters into several groups and including almost all the methods, from that time, of learning an alphabet. Then, he goes on teaching the letters, splitting the letters into short syllables and then long syllables; where Arabic lessons are also used, as an influential language in the Ottoman language; and also part of the Persian alphabet, used in the Ottoman alphabet. After learning the alphabet, reading the words, he adds some rules that are necessary for reading an alphabet, after which he adds reading texts to learn and reinforce the lessons even more.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > B Philosophy (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Law, Arts and Social Sciences > School of Humanities
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email
Date Deposited: 24 Sep 2021 14:14
Last Modified: 24 Sep 2021 14:14

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