Mehmedi, Ilir (2021) ELECTRIC VEHICLES FOR URBAN LOGISTICS. Journal of Applied Sciences-SUT, 7 (13-14). pp. 63-75. ISSN 2671-3047

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Increased trade development affects traffic. The need to deliver goods to stores or to visit customers in the trade, greatly affects the city’s logistics system and the proposed ways of managing them should be analyzed. A modern way of distributing goods is to achieve positive effects on the overall traffic system, but by using them on a very small scale. The introduction of electric vans in retail chains is being used to demonstrate the possibility of introducing electric vehicles into the delivery of consumer goods ordered through online stores. With the growing development of technology, consumers have the opportunity to buy products from home. EVs use an electric motor for traction, and chemical batteries, fuel cells, ultra-capacitors, and/or fly wheels for their corresponding energy sources. The EV has many advantages over the conventional internal combustion engine vehicle (ICEV), such as absence of emissions, high efficiency, independence from petroleum, and quiet and smooth operation. The use of electric vehicles still accounts for a very small share of the total number of vehicles delivered, both in Europe and around the world. There is a growing number of vehicles on the roads that an increase in atmospheric pollution that reduces the quality of life for citizens. The desire and need for the introduction of electric vehicles is growing, as a reason for preserving the environment, but also for sustainable urban development. Urban logistics can be considered developed in only a few European countries, while some have not developed proposals or management systems at all. However, most still decide to visit shopping malls. The result of the usage of personal vehicles for this purpose has a very negative effect on the environment and the quality of life for residents. The paper explores customer habits, their influence on the entire system, and the possibility of introducing qualitative and sustainable ways to purchase and deliver goods. Based on the research, the main goal is to propose a method of distributing consumer goods, starting from a small city and around the country by electric vehicles. In order to propose an optimal solution, the terms urban and retail logistics will be presented, as well as the ways of modern organization of the distribution of goods for retail.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Engineering Sciences
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email zshi@unite.edu.mk
Date Deposited: 05 Oct 2021 11:12
Last Modified: 05 Oct 2021 11:12
URI: http://eprints.unite.edu.mk/id/eprint/836

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